For a number of years I carried the memory of a show I watched as a young Simian after school. One was about three boys who went bush in the English countryside and had a distinctive piping theme tune. The other was a words and pictures tale of some little folk who went looking for one of their number called Cloudberry. Both eluded me for ages until I recently did the sensible thing and turned to Google. As it turned out, both series - respectively Brendan Chase and Baldmoney, Sneezewort, Dodder and Cloudberry were connected through their author/illustrator Denys Watkins-Pitchford, who wrote under the nom de plume 'B.B' (after the air rifle pellet and not an abbreviation of Bilbo Baggins.) No wonder I'd had difficult searching them out.
B.B. seems to have belonged to a specific generation of British writers
who, affected by the changing landscape of post Industrial Revolution
England turned their concern for the disappearing landscape into
children's writing. If it's possible to draw a line from Tolkien to
Richard Adams then that same line must pass through BB, whose stories
are imbued with woodlands nostalgia.
I found the books affecting - not quite as epic in scope or dour as Watership Down, but very charming and highly readable.
Watkins-Pitchford effectively captures a world in macrocosm, with a
population and sense of comunity, but devoid of politics or human
concerns. Don't be fooled though - there's a darkness in these books
including treachery, cruelty and murder. Cast members die in natural and
unnatural ways, and though the face of God isn't present in B.B.'s
woodland, the great god Pan is, in a striking and surreal chapter which precipitates
some remarkable character turns among the gnomes. Similarly in Bright Stream
the growing sinister truth about one of their number leads to a genuinely tense
chapter of skullduggery and truly natural justice. All the while Watkins-Pitchford's distinctive writing elegises the loss of the gnomes world, a
quiet voice in the wilderness. And his illustrations are gorgeous.
The takeaway for me, as mentioned in my earlier post, is in the nature of the gnomes themselves. Here B.B imbues them as spokemen of a vanishing natural world, dodging beasts and men, habitat destruction, and even after the fires and noises of the Blitz are heard but not entirely fathomed by them on their last great journey, ultimately abandinging England for a home of older myth and safer refuge. There's much in keeping with the Seventies version of Huygen's text - and in fact, given that B.B's works concern themselves chiefly with the last gnomes of England, they needn't be mutually exclusive. I believe there's a place for this version of the Gnome in a modern RPG - and in fact, there already is, in the independent RPG Tales from the Wood, and it's in my next post that I'll turn to this.
In the mean-time, I made some notes based on the gnomes and their world for anyone interested below:
"Sneezewort, Baldmoney, Dodder and Cloudberry are the last four
Gnomes in England - possibly of the world, though are part of a wider
supernatural community that at one time included Leprechauns, "Elves,
Goblins and Hobgoblins [a mischievous domestic fairy], Pixies, Nixies,
Sprites, Brownies and Jack-o'-Lanterns or the Lantern-men or [goblins
bearing lights]; though the distinction seems vague - it's possible that
the gnomes regard all of "the Little People" as their own kin - as
The Gnomes are very long-lived; Dodder is older
than the Roman Invasions, while the youngest, Sneezewort is still
several-hundred years old.
They are highly practical and industrious, sharing a Womble-like ability
to recycle and re-purpose castaway items natural (nut husks, snail and
mussel shells, small animal hides and bones) and artificial (matchboxes,
tins, shotgun cartridge brass); there is the promise at the end of the
story that Baldmoney could work out how to repair a broken
clockwork boat (he fails in this but makes a perfectly serviceable
three-foot glider with the help and expert advice of an owl), but
otherwise the more recent fantasy iteration of gnomes as quasi-Steampunk
tinkers is absent here. In fact, they have far more in common with the
gnomes of Wil Huygen's eponymous seventies bible than the new iteration
offered by RPGs and MMORPGs.
They are almost all
long-bearded (though Sneezewort is clean-faced), have long, pointed
silky ears which move to sounds, and the requisite conical hats - though
Watkins-Pitchford renders these blunt and floppy, unlike Huygen's. They
are described as "hairy little folk" and go barefoot, and Baldmoney's
hands are 'dirty.' Their size varies in illustrations - potentially as
large as a squirrel, but otherwise small enough to secret themselves on a
large toy boat. They are excellent swimmers, and have the best hearing
and sense of smell of all the creatures of the Woods.
Gnomes swear by the name of and worship Pan (Dodder prays to him), who
exists and watches over all of the Wood People and River People, and
their stories invoke aspects of folklore - Hobgoblins chasing milking
cows out of mischief, flocks of geese are called the Heaven Hounds (c.f
Gabriel Ratchets.) A notable Heron is named Herne. Halloween and
Midsummer are significant nights in their annual calendar (marked as
"cuckoo years"), the former observed because it is a night where, due to
superstitious humans, they may walk about freely unmolested. Oak leaves
have a significance in this story. Dodder postulates on the existence
of a Gnome Heaven.
They also appear to have a visual
language, with Cloudberry signing his own name and the date of his
passing a landmark in pictographs.
They can speak with most animals, and have their own names for some
(rabbits are 'Bub'ms', hedgehogs are 'wood pigs' and later 'hedge pigs',
foxes 'wood dogs' and Badgers 'fern bears'. A great pike is referred to
as a 'shark'). Their diet comes from nature: berries and nuts, fish,
shellfish and birds' eggs, but their culture appears to forbid them from
hunting and eating warm-blooded creatures - even their mole and
mouse-skin clothing comes from already-dead animals. Dodder makes and
stores elderberry wine, they often smoke their fish (minnows, for the
most part) and they fashion tobacco from nettles, grass (not that kind!)
or wild mint, which they smoke in hazel or chestnut-bowled pipes.
makes the distinction between his Wood People and fairies, which he
insists are not "miniature men and women with ridiculous tinsel wings,
doing all sorts of impossible things with flowers and cobwebs. That sort
of make-believe is all right for some people, but it won't do for you
and me." His gnomes are curious, but self-aware, of the earth and deeply
tied to it. Adventures are remarkable things, but like Tolkien's Bilbo
Baggins, a restless wanderlust is viewed by gnomekind as a very odd
thing indeed. In short they are human-like in their qualities, and
capable of great changes in manner and motivation (a character change in
the second book has fatal - and nearly catastrophic, consequences.)"